If you haven’t installed a sewage treatment plant in your apartment or are planning to construct a new apartment, you may want to install a sewage treatment plant in the apartment as the new environmental laws have made it mandatory. In 2016, the Karnataka government made it mandatory for all apartment complexes with 20 or more units to have a sewage treatment plant installed.
Sewage treatment is basically the process of removing contaminants and harmful elements from household wastewater that consists of sewage from toilets, bathrooms, kitchens, etc. Before being discharged into the environment through the sewers, this sewage needs to be treated properly and now the government has put the responsibility of doing that on the citizens. Sewage treatment includes various physical, chemical, and biological processes to treat the waste before it can be considered environment-friendly. Sewage treatment deserves a better significance these days considering the micro-organisms and types of pollutants that are being discharged in the environment.
Sewage treatment process:
Preliminary stage: Screening and grit removal
Primary stage: Sedimentation
Secondary stage: Activated sludge or treated filter
Tertiary stage: Disinfection, nutrient removal, and solid removal.
Need for a sewage treatment plant in apartments
The balance of the ecosystem can be disturbed if the sewage is not properly treated before being discharged into the environment. It can negatively impact human health as well as the flora and fauna. So let’s discuss the relevance of installing sewage treatment plants in apartments.
First of all, sewage treatment is a simple and affordable process. It can be easily maintained and carried out in apartments. Installation of sewage treatment plants will certainly upgrade the quality of life. Sewage treatment plants can result in yielding clean reusable water which can be used for other purposes such as washing, cleaning, watering plants, etc. The plant operates without any odor or noise as the system is highly stable and efficient.
Wastewater treatment has become a priority world over as approximately two million children under the age of 5 years succumb to waterborne illnesses. Microscopic organisms present in the sewage can cause dysentery, gastroenteritis, and cholera. 97% of these harmful microscopic contaminants can be removed by the treatment process. Thereby barring these pollutants the opportunity to enter water sources and eventually harm the human, flora, and fauna.
Earth’s population is estimated to rise to a massive 8 billion by the year 2025. With the water supply that is available, it will be impossible to sustain that many people on Earth. The wastewater treatment process therefore, becomes even more important. Taking used water, filtering out the harmful contaminants, and returning the safe, clean water to the source can also remove the fear of future water shortage.